If your mother lives in Phoenix and you’re in New York, how do you help take care of her? Angela Heath, director of the Eldercare Locator Hotline of the National Association of Area Agencies on Aging, has compiled 10 strategies to help you cope. This article is adapted from Heath’s book, “Long-Distance Caregiving: A Survival Guide for Far Away

Caregivers.”No. 1: Get organized

Keep track of important information in a care log.

No. 2: Identify your informal network

Ask for help from people in the older person’s community, such as relatives, neighbors, longtime family friends and members of religious, civic, and social organizations. Ask them to call you collect if they spot a problem.

No. 3: Investigate travel alternatives

Be prepared to “care commute.” Investigate travel options in advance. Keep your car in good repair, and check on the route and weather before traveling.

If you rent a car, look for the best rates. Don’t pay for insurance if you already carry full coverage or your credit card company offers coverage. You may get a discount when buying bus or train tickets if you disclose that it’s an emergency. Purchase airline tickets seven days in advance and stay over a Saturday night.

No. 4: Discuss legal and financial issues

These topics may be difficult to talk about, but they help ensure that the older person maintains decision-making authority even when incapacitated. Preplanning will also lessen family disagreements and protect family resources.

  • Will: the older person decides how to dispose of assets after death.
  • Power of attorney: gives a caregiver the authority to act on behalf of the older person.
  • Trust: estate-planning document allows the older person to transfer assets and avoid probate and other legal problems.
  • Joint ownership: makes it easier to gain access to older person’s finances.
  • Representative payee: A caregiver receives government checks for an older person unable to manage money.
  • Medigap insurance: pays portion of medical bills not covered by Medicare.